Bonsai - Microscopic Magic
All of us are somewhat familiar with bonsai trees. We have received them as a gift with great joy or offered bonsai trees to our loved ones. But what we do not know is that the term bonsai is the name of the technique of cultivating a miniature-tree, not the tree itself. But to get to know the bonsai better, it's good to see an overall picture of the whole bonsai concept.
Although they became known from Japan, bonsai began to grow first in China, some 1,700 years ago. The first bonsai growers treated the trees in such a way that their trunk and foliage resembled dragons, reptiles or animals. As many cultural elements passed from China to Japan, so the cultivation of bonsai arrived and flourished there in about the 11th century AD, and the bonsai technique became art.
Bonsai has become a symbol of wealth, prosperity and aristocracy, and they represent a combination of ancient beliefs with the Eastern philosophy of harmony between man, soul and nature.
As works of fine art, the bonsai was displayed in the lobbies of the aristocrats, but as an element of the Japanese culture of the time, they were also representatives of the minimalism that always characterized it.
Tradition considers that in order to create a bonsai three some important qualities are needed: honesty, kindness and beauty. As we mentioned above, bonsai are common types of trees and not separate types of mini trees. This means that any tree, regardless of its natural size, can be cultivated as bonsai, although certainly some varieties are preferable, such as small leaf trees.
Some of the most common types of trees that can become bonsai include cedar, which is perhaps the most recognizable species, various conifers such as cypress and pine, as well as plants known and popular for their flowers such as bougainvillea, which is one of the easiest tropical plants, the azalea and the chrysanthemum.
Also, many species of beetles (over 100 varieties) are extremely bonsai like and are ideal for specific formations, while Chinese elk is the favorite of all growers, but especially to novices. The crayfish, the chefler and the mimosa are still some of the usual cultivator choices, and the list really does not end! To choose the proper tree to cultivate you should take into account the climate of the area where it grows, the space and the time you can allocate to the crop.
With proper care, bonsai can live hundreds of years, like any other tree of the same variety as bonsai. Their age, moreover, plays a key role in their value, and in conjunction with the type of tree they shape their final price. The oldest bonsai are considered collectible art objects bequeathed from generation to generation. They are exhibited in museums and galleries and attract thousands of visitors, and in auctions that are occasionally made by some perennial trees have been sold to collectors for millions of dollars.
The proper care we mentioned above depends on the type of plant that everyone wants to cultivate as bonsai. For this reason, when buying bonsai, we must also know the scientific name of the plant so that we can learn as much information as possible about its maintenance. After leaving the store you should have answered the following questions:
- How much water, light and fertilizer does my bonsai need?
- From what weeds and diseases are affected?
- How can I keep its shape?
- Can it survive the winter if its placed outdoors?
- Can I have it in the house all the year?
Take special care with advice from people such as "Bonsai needs watering every day / every other day" and so on. It is understandable that as long as we are talking about different tree species, their requirements will also be different. You need to understand, therefore, that watering is a function of the specific bonsai species you take care of, as well as the quality of the soil and the pot. A general rule of thumb, which is applicable to most species, is to let the soil dry before you water it again. Also, it is advisable to water it with a watering-can or a fan-type water spray so that water does not fall violently and scatters the soil.